Acid Reflux Disease: WHY You Have Heartburn

Gastro-esophageal acid reflux disease or GERD or heartburn is mainly the coincidence of two different medical conditions. The rearward flow of acid and food from the stomach to the esophagus is the main and first trigger for acid reflux disease. However acid reflux can also happen in most healthy people and in this case it is generally referred as physiologic gastroesophageal reflux. This usually does not result in the symptoms of acid reflux disease.


Causes for Acid Reflux

The other factor that triggers acid reflux disease is the malfunctioning of LES or the lower esophageal sphincter. This LES is basically a circle of muscles that act as the valve between the stomach and esophagus and measure 3 to 4 centimeters. In case of an acid reflux disease the contents of the stomach are pushed back to the esophagus as LES doesn’t shut properly and this is generally referred as the acid reflux disease.


Symptoms of Acid Reflux


The main symptom of acid reflux disease is heartburn which is the burning sensation in the throat or chest, when the contents of stomach are pushed back to the lining of esophagus. The normal feeling of acid reflux disease is constant heartburn. However occasional heartburn is also common and this does not necessarily mean to be acid reflux disease as it can be light reflux that can affect healthy individuals.


A few sufferers also feel the food being blocked with tightness and chocking sensation in the throat. It is basically the continual reverse flow of stomach content during contact with esophagus which causes this pain. This can also result in swelling of esophagus because of scars through histological damage. However some other acid reflux disease suffers also feel chest pain or can suffer from coughs, nausea, burning pains in the chest, lasting earache, vocal changes and swallowing problems. Some patients might also develop conditions called as Barrett’s esophagus in which the cells in the esophageal lining take on irregular colours and shapes. Especially among adults above 60 years old this can be the first stage for esophageal cancer.




Medical therapy and surgery are two main options available today for treating acid reflux disease. There are also treatment methods that include lifestyle and diet modifications with some herbal supplements to treat acid reflux disease. H2 blockers and PPIs are among the two main medical options for the cause of this acid reflux disease. Although you can use prescribed medications or some acid blockers like the above you should know that the results are usually not more than temporary and additionally these conventional medicines can also lead to adverse side effects.


Therefore this calls the need for holistic approach to treat acid reflux disease. You should remember that conventional medications and the OTC medications generally treat the symptoms and fail to cure the internal root causes of the disease. This holistic approach does just the opposite as it first finds out the main causes of the disease and applies an appropriate treatment that will not cause any side effects yet getting rid of the disease right from its root causes.

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